Guide to Structuring a Thesis

Writing a thesis is a degree requirement so, it must be in proper format and structure, Here is a detailed guide to structuring a Ph.D. thesis including useful tips on writing different chapters or parts of a Ph.D. thesis.




A thesis is a long dissertation based on subterranean research and enthusiastic observation. A thesis is a piece of writing which is a combination of your own thoughts as well as research results that you complete in your academic years especially in M’s and in Ph.D. It represents the author’s state of intelligence and ideas which he collects from his research.

Structuring a thesis

Structuring a thesis is the most complicated task for a student. Most students do not know about the chapters of the thesis. They do not know how to start a thesis and how to give a unique structure to their thesis. It is also a daunting task that what information should be given in the individual chapter. This guide will be helpful for you and will tell you what are the requirements if each chapter and how to start a thesis. Here, the professional writers of Essay Writing Services will guide you about structuring a thesis.

1. Abstract

The abstract is an essential part of structuring a thesis. The abstract is an overview and a summary of a thesis. It presented all the important points of your thesis. Most of the people cannot read the whole structure of your thesis when they encounter your materials. The abstract should be powerful and should be a mirror of your work that everyone who goes through your work can understand your work from your thesis abstract. The maximum size of your abstract should be 150 words for Master and 350 for a doctoral dissertation. You should write a thesis statement extremely cautiously.

2. Introduction

The introduction should be related to background information. It should be related to the explanation of the topic. You should present a brief review of your knowledge in this chapter. You can present many hypotheses in this chapter. An introduction is the first chapter of your thesis comes after the table of contents. The introduction is a keynote which can grab the attention of readers. It should cover all the point which comes in the mind of readers. Following points clarify your ideas in the best way. These points should keep in mind while writing a thesis introduction.
  • Background
  • Problem
  • Justification
  • Research question
  • Hypotheses
  • Knowledge
  • Topic details

3. Literature review

A literature review is often considered the part of the introduction but it is the second most important chapter of your thesis, therefore, you should write it very carefully. It is the evaluation of your research and topic. The literature review will show the gap of your knowledge and will show your information that you have tried to get in the first section. A literature review is the explanation of your topic. Here are some tips that you should follow in writing a literature review of a thesis:
  • You should use a variety of sources in the literature review section
  • Explain the different parts of research
  • You should cover the classical field
  • Explain in a comprehensible manner in this section
  • Develop your thoughts in the literature review

4. Methodology chapter

Most people consider that writing a methodology chapter is very straightforward. However, it is complicated, because, it is relevant to the structure of the whole discussion. You should explain your method of choosing a topic and should explain why, when, how and what are the reasons for selecting this topic. This is about personal research and observation, therefore, you should write it in a realistic form. Justify the methodology that you have used in the first chapter. Give a complete explanation of your design and method.

5. Results 

The result chapter is also the most significant and shows the relation of your research and hypothesis. It consists of all the facts that you have used in your research. You should not highlight your absolute analysis in the results chapter. You should show your results and give comments about the discussion chapter. Most students suppose that discussion chapter and results are combined with each other.
  • The results should be logical.
  • The measurable results are more efficient
  • You should illustrate the range of methods and experimental elements in this section.
  • Write in a quantitative method
  • Describe your data test and research question
  • The results information should be relevant and organized

6. Discussion

In the discussion chapter, you can comment on your results. You should elucidate what the meaning of your result is and what context you have used. You should show your ability and concern toward this chapter. Indicate all the results you were expecting. The discussion chapter should be related to previous research and theory. Here is no need to point out your limitation. 
  • Interprets your results
  • Compare with researches
  • Demonstrate your points limits
  • Explain your future directions

7. Conclusion

Conclusion chapter is most important, because, it shows your aims and objects. You should explicate your achievement in the above chapters, your results are most significant and conclusion chapter will give some suggestions related to your topic. You should use effective words in this chapter. Here are 5 useful tips that you should know in order to write an excellent conclusion chapter.
  • Shortly summarize. The conclusion chapter should be short. You should explain the basic information in this section. Write the key points in the conclusion section.
  • Do not introduce new information. You should keep in mind that the conclusion chapter is not a place to introduce new information. Try to explain and describe relevant information in the conclusion chapter.
  • Do not conclude inadequate manner. Most students write just little line in the conclusion chapter. We accept that conclusion is not a place to everything but it is a place where we can explain the main and essential points of our thesis.
  • Don’t give your own opinion. Write the conclusion in realistic form and be informative. Don’t explain your own point of view in this section. Just be relevant to the topic or your thesis. Present powerful points in this chapter.

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